Sorting and recycling your rubbish saves the environment and is also common sense, because collecting, transporting and processing waste is expensive. The purpose of the Waste Act is to reduce the amount of waste and to ensure that material which can be used again is reused.
The most important link in the waste chain is the consumer/tenant, who also pays the cost of waste management as part of his or her living expenses. For this reason, recycling goods which can be reused and sorting waste according to its purpose benefits everyone.
In your own family, make sure that rubbish bags are put in the correct waste bins and are not merely thrown in through the doorway of the waste area. Rubbish collectors will charge separately for every rubbish bag on the ground.
Sorting waste in the outside waste bins
Recyled paper bin
Everything that comes through your letterbox, i.e.
- white paper bags
Compostable waste bin
From the kitchen or garden, i.e.
- food leftovers and food that has gone off
- fruit and vegetable peel
- eggshells and egg boxes
- fish waste and bones
- teabags and coffee filters
- kitchen towels, paper napkins
- garden waste and compost
- waste from cleaning pet cages, not including cat litte
Recycled cardboard bin
- corrugated cardboard packaging, cardboard boxes and wrapping paper
- milk, juice, cream, buttermilk, yoghurt cartons and wine boxes (also lined with aluminium)
- cereal and biscuit packaging, cardboard packaging for dry products (including plastic and packets with windows)
- paper bags from sugar, flour, bread, etc.
- toy and cosmetics packaging
- pizza boxes, egg boxes and cardboard disposable plates
Glass and metal
Glass and metal are good raw materials which should not be thrown away with the general rubbish. HSY’s collection points can be found around the city only a short distance away. It makes sense to save glass and metal at home and then once you have enough, take them to a collection point from time to time when you are passing. You can find details of the nearest collection point using the search engine on HSY’s waste collection website, www.hsy.fi/jatehuolto.
The following types of glass can be recycled:
- glass bottle
- glass jars
Sort coloured and clear glass separately. Rinse bottles and jars. Remove caps and lids. There is no need to remove labels or neck rings.
Do not put the following in glass recycling bins:
- window glass
- glass from mirrors
- insulated glass
- heatproof glass (ovenproof dishes, oven door glass, coffee jugs)
- drinking glasses, wire-reinforced glass
- opalised glass (for example deodorant and cosmetics bottles)
- china, crystal, ceramics or car windscreens
- light bulbs
These products and materials can be put in the general waste.
Glass which can be recycled can also be taken to the HSY Sortti sorting station free of charge. Bottles offering money back should be returned to the shop or Alko.
The following types of small metal items can be recycled
- rinsed cans and tins
- washed aluminium containers and foil
- metal lids and caps, the metal bases of nightlight candles
- metal tins such as completely empty and dry paint tins (no need to wash them)
- empty aerosols (remove the plastic cap)
- metal saucepans, frying pans, utensils and Teflon
- metal tools
Do not put the following hazardous items in the metal recycling bins
- paint pots containing paint
- electrical waste and scrap electronics
- fridges and freezers
- televisions, computer monitors and other parts
- electric cookers
- washing machines
Small metal items will also be collected free of charge by HSY Jätehuolto’s recycling vehicles in the spring and accepted at all HSY Sortti sorting stations.
Sort large metal waste separately
Large metal objects may not be placed in the ordinary metal recycling bins. Large metal domestic waste includes:
- sheet metal, guttering
- metal machinery and equipment (fuel and oil must be removed)
- metal parts of furniture
- metal pipes
- metal cables
- wood-fired stove (stones and ash must be removed)
- clean, empty and open drums
If the product contains more other material than metal, remove the other material before sending the item for metal recycling, or take it as such to a waste sorting station or a landfill.
Small loads of metal can be taken by car, van or trailer free of charge to an HSY Sortti sorting station or directly to a scrap dealer. Note: waste sorting stations will only take waste which the customer is able to lift onto the recycling platform him or herself.
Small amounts of metal waste will also be collected by HSY’s spring scrap collection vehicles free of charge.
Like it or not, hazardous waste which cannot be put in the ordinary rubbish bin occurs in every home. Hazardous waste can cause risks to the environment or to people’s health. This is why it must always be separated from other waste and sent for hazardous waste recycling.
Hazardous waste that occurs in the home includes
- energy-saving light bulbs, fluorescent tubes and small fluorescent bulbs
- mercury thermometers and unused medicines (pharmacies or collection vehicles)
- cooling, brake and hydraulic fluid for vehicles and lead batteries
- waste oil, oil filters and other oil waste
- solvents such as turpentine, thinner, acetone (also nail polish remover) and detergents containing solvents
- batteries, button batteries and rechargeable batteries
- paint, glue, varnish and lacquer, and timber protection and impregnation substances (also nail polish)
- aerosols (slosh or fizz, bearing a chemical warning symbol)
- treated timber
- some electrical and electronic waste
- alkaline detergents
- pesticides and disinfectants
- lead melted for fortune telling at New Year
- photography chemicals
- strong acid such as sulphuric acid
Completely empty containers of chemicals or other poisonous substances are not hazardous waste. Completely dry and empty paint tins and empty aerosols (with the plastic cap removed) can be recycled with small metal items.
Hazardous waste should be taken to HSY’s hazardous waste containers or a Sortti sorting station.
Read more in HSY’s hazardous waste guide: www.hsy.fi/jatehuolto.